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How To Set Up A Rhetorical Analysis Essay Based On Gettysburg Address


In a rhetorical analysis essay, the author should analyze some pieces of literature, speeches, films or other communicative mediums that try to convey some message to the particular audience. You may choose Gettysburg Address, the speech given by President Abraham Lincoln during the American Civil War, as a topic for your rhetorical analysis. If you want to know how to structure this type of paper, you should read the tips below.

  1. Do your research.
  2. To compose a good paper, you should investigate your topic thoroughly first. Obviously, you need to read the text of the speech. You may also need to read some historical documents to know the necessary background for this speech and learn what effect it caused on the intended audience. This will help you come up with your own topic and arguments.

  3. Make an outline.
  4. It’s not advisable to start writing your essay without making an approximate outline first. This step will help you structure your paper properly. Moreover, with an outline you won’t forget to mention some important details in the process of writing.

  5. Write an introduction.
  6. In this section of your paper, you should present the subject of your analysis. There is no need to add a lot of details about it, just mention who, where, when gave this speech, and what was its purpose. Focus on some narrow nuance of this topic and move on to your thesis statement. Try to come up with some interesting and original arguments in support of your thesis.

  7. Write body paragraphs.
  8. The body is the section where you present your arguments and support them. If you’re writing an essay about the effectiveness of Gettysburg Address as a speech, for example, you should give quotations from the original speech and analyze them. Explain to your readers why the speech was so effective and what techniques President Lincoln used to convey his message to the audience. Avoid using your personal opinion when supporting your arguments. In a rhetorical analysis, it’s important to be objective.

  9. Write a conclusion.
  10. This final paragraph is needed to summarize the points given in the previous sections. Restate your thesis and topic sentences from body paragraphs. To make your essay look completed, you may ask some question in the introduction and give an answer on it in the conclusion. If you have some ideas for the further analysis of your topic, you may propose them to your readers. Make sure that your readers understand the significance of the work done.

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